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2021考研英語閱讀理解解題技巧:例證題

2020-07-02 10:37:44| 安徽中公教育網

對于例證題,首先要了解該題型的識別方式。在考研英語中,例證題經常以這樣的方式提問:The author uses the example/story/case of ...to show/illustrate/demonstrate...。由于考研英語閱讀的文章通常都是學術性議論文,所以“例子”在議論文中指的就是論據,論據使用的目的便是證明論點,所以該題型解題的關鍵就在于:根據題干中給出的例子信息,尋找該例子證明的論點。根據議論文的寫作方式,一般情況下,文章會先拋出論點,再舉例例證——論點在前,論據在后。所以該題型的解題方法可總結為:第一步,根據題干定位論據;第二步,論據前找論點。

了解了該題型的識別方式和解題技巧后,接下來結合試題一起來練習一下。

We should not forget, however, that most New Englanders were less well educated. While few craftsmen or farmers, let alone dependents and servants, left literary compositions to be analyzed, it is obvious that their views were less fully intellectualized. Their thinking often had a traditional superstitious quality. A tailor named John Dane, who emigrated in the late 1630s, left an account of his reasons for leaving England that is filled with signs. Sexual confusion, economic frustrations, and religious hope—all came together in a decisive moment when he opened the Bible, told his father the first line he saw would settle his fate, and read the magical words: “come out from among them, touch no unclean thing , and I will be your God and you shall be my people.” One wonders what Dane thought of the careful sermons explaining the Bible that he heard in puritan churches.

39. The story of John Dane shows that less well-educated New Englanders were often ____.

[A] influenced by superstitions. [B] troubled with religious beliefs.

[C] puzzled by church sermons. [D] frustrated with family earnings.

解該題目時,大家先根據題干的問法識別出題型為例證題,然后定位例子“John Dane”,在原文中定位出例子之后,去例子前一句找答案,便是“Their thinking often had a traditional superstitious quality.”根據這一句,便可以得出答案A。

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